Winter can be the perfect time for pruning trees. The optimal time is usually after several deep frosts have occurred as it helps to ensure your deciduous trees are dormant. Diseases are also less likely to set in and the leaf-free branches are much easier to see and reach.
Pruning should only be done if absolutely necessary. For instance, branches are imposing a possible dangerous situation, they are encroaching upon areas where they should not be, or branches are rubbing against each other, causing damage to the tree itself.
Some basic rules for pruning are:
Not all deciduous trees should be pruned in winter. Spring blooming trees flower on last year’s growth. Pruning them too soon can result in fewer flowers.
As far as Evergreens are concerned… as a general rule, these fair best when pruned in early to late spring. Shearing needle leafed evergreens is best done while these plants are semi-dormant – during midsummer!
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